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Public Statues and Sculpture Association

Albert Bruce Joy (or Bruce-Joy) (1842–1924)

Sculptor, born in Dublin. He was educated at Becker’s grammar school, Offenbach, Germany; King’s College, London; and also in Paris. He went on to study art at the National Art Training School, South Kensington, and the Royal Academy (RA) Schools, completing his artistic education with three years in Rome. He spent four years working under J.H. Foley and, following the latter’s death in 1874, executed his master’s commission of a marble statue of Robert Graves, 1877, for the Royal College of Physicians, Dublin. Bruce Joy was elected ARHA (Associate of the Royal Hibernian Academy) in 1890 and RHA in 1893. He exhibited at the RA, London, from 1866. His ability to record his sitter’s likeness with remarkable accuracy made him a sought-after portraitist. His public statues include John Laird (1877) for Birkenhead; W.E. Gladstone (1882) for Bow Churchyard, London; John Bright (1891) and Oliver Heywood (1894) both for Albert Square, Manchester; and Alexander Balfour (1905), for St John’s Gardens, Liverpool.

Bibliography: T. Cavanagh, Public Sculpture of Kensington and Chelsea with Westminster South-West, Watford, 2023, pp. 82–83; T. Cavanagh, Public Sculpture of Liverpool, Liverpool, 1997, pp. 170–71, 231–32, 286–87; R. Cocke, Public Sculpture of Norfolk and Suffolk, Liverpool, 2013, pp. 72–73; D.A. Cross, Public Sculpture of Lancashire and Cumbria, Liverpool, 2017, pp. 25–26; E. Gleichen, London’s Open-Air Statuary, London, 1928; Mapping Sculpture; E. Morris and E. Roberts, Public Sculpture of Cheshire and Merseyside, Liverpool, 2012, pp. 24–26; P. Murphy, Nineteenth-Century Irish Sculpture. Native Genius Reaffirmed, New Haven & London, 2010; G.T. Noszlopy, Public Sculpture of Birmingham, Liverpool, 1998, pp. 36–37; M.H. Spielmann, British Sculpture and Sculptors of To-day, London, 1901; Who Was Who; T. Wyke, Public Sculpture of Greater Manchester, Liverpool, 2004, pp. 18–21, 102–03, 145.

Terry Cavanagh November 2022

Bruce Joy (or Bruce-Joy), Albert

Albert Bruce Joy, albumen cabinet card by Done & Ball, 1889–91, NPG x18963 (photo: © National Portrait Gallery, London)