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Public Statues and Sculpture Association

John Massey Rhind (1858–1936)

The son of John Rhind and the younger brother of William Birnie Rhind, he was born in Edinburgh, and after an initial training in his father’s studio, studied for six years at the Royal Academy Schools, London, thereafter working for two years with Alfred Gilbert and Thomas Brock. In 1896 he moved to the USA, where he carried out numerous prestigious commissions, including the equestrian monument to George Washington in Newark, New Jersey, the statue of Robert Burns and other symbolic figures on the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburg, and the multi-figure Corning Fountain in Hartford, Connecticut. He also carved two pairs of caryatids on the 34th Street façade of Macy’s department store in New York. He returned to Scotland in 1929, was elected ARSA in 1931 and full RSA in 1934. Among his few public works in Edinburgh is the low-relief double portrait in bronze of his parents on their grave in Warriston Cemetery (1892).

Bibliography: J. Gifford et al, Edinburgh, Harmondsworth, 1984, p. 577; W.T. Johnston, Dictionary of Scottish Artists (c.2000), Scottish National Library, ref CD-ROM.585; P.J.M. McEwan, The Dictionary of Scottish Art and Architecture, Ballater, Aberdeenshire, 2004; R. McKenzie, Public Sculpture of Edinburgh (2 vols), Liverpool, 2018, vol. 1, pp. 304–06, vol. 2, pp. 25, 517, 520; R. Sturgis, The Appreciation of Sculpture: a handbook, New York, 1904, pp. 197–98; C.J. Ziga, New York Landmarks, New York(?), 1993, p. 31.

Ray McKenzie 2018